Table of Contents
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence is based on the attitude that human intelligence can be distinct in a way that a machine can easily simulate and execute tasks, from the simplest to even more complex. The goals of AI include mimicking human cognitive activity. Modern Artificial Intelligence systems can capture and ‘understand’ their environment in real-time; they can make optimal choices based on multiple signals in milliseconds. AI is already changing our world with applications ranging from self-driving cars to healthcare. Artificial intelligence is widely used to provide adapted recommendations to people based on their previous searches and purchases or other online behaviour. AI is hugely important in commerce: optimizing products, planning inventory, logistics, etc.
The 5 Big Ideas in AI
In this fun one-hour class, students will learn about the Five Big Ideas in AI
- Representation & Reasoning
- Human-AI Interaction
- Societal Impact
Artificial Intelligence – Issues
AI is developing with such an unbelievable speed sometimes it seems magical. There is an opinion among researchers and developers that AI could grow so immensely strong that it would be difficult for humans to control. Humans developed AI systems by introducing every possible intelligence they could, for which humans now seem threatened. Humans developed AI systems by introducing every possible intelligence they could, to which humans now seem exposed.
Threat to Privacy
An AI program that identifies speech and understands natural language is theoretically capable of considering each conversation on e-mails and telephones.
Threat to Human Dignity
AI systems have already started replacing human beings in a few industries. It should not replace people in the areas where they hold dignified positions about ethics, such as nursing, surgeon, judge, police officer, etc.
Threat to Safety
The self-improving AI systems can become so mighty than humans that it could be challenging to stop them from achieving their goals, which may lead to unintended consequences.
Types of Artificial Intelligence(AI)
AI can be considered into 4 types
It uses methods to optimize creations based on a customary of inputs. Chess-playing AI is an example of a volatile system that increases the best approach to winning the game. Responsive AI tends to be reasonably static, unable to learn or adapt to novel states. Thus, it will produce the same output given alike inputs.
Limited memory AI
It can acclimatize to experience or update itself based on new observations or data. Self-sufficient vehicles, for example, can “read the road” and adapt to novel situations, even “learning” from experience. Often, the amount of informing is limited (hence the name), and the memory length is relatively short.
It is fully adaptive and has an extensive ability to learn and retain past experiences. These types of AI include advanced chatbots that could pass the Turing Test, fooling a person into having faith in the AI being a human being. While progressive and impressive, these AI are not self-aware.
As the name suggests, self-aware AI becomes conscious and aware of its existence. Still, in science fiction, some experts believe that an AI will never become conscious or “alive.”
AI is used extensively across various applications, with varying levels of superiority. Commendation algorithms that suggest what you might like next are popular AI operations, as are chatbots that look on websites or in the form of smart reciters (e.g., Alexa or Siri). AI is used to make predictions regarding weather and financial forecasting, streamline production processes, and cut down on various forms of dismissed cognitive labour (e.g., tax bookkeeping or excision). AI is also recycled to play games, operate self-governing vehicles, process language, and much more.
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